Suicide: Challenges and Prevention According to WHO

According to the World Health Organization, there is an approximated number of 800 000 people who take their lives and many more individuals who have done the attempt. Every suicide incident can affect significantly the family, friends, and community, and leave a long-lasting wound. When the suicide numbers arise, this affects the whole society in general in an insidious way. In 2016, suicide was the second leading cause of death in individuals aging 15-29 years.

Methods of Suicide

According to the reports, individuals in the rural agricultural areas in low and middle-income countries use pesticide self-poisoning, and this comprises up to 20% of suicides around the globe. Other common methods used are firearms and hanging.

Being knowledgeable about the most commonly used suicide methods is one of the effective strategies for suicide prevention as we can restrict some symptomatic individual’s access to these materials and tools.

Note:

Also, when suicide happens in your property, it is best if you call BioHazMat suicide cleanup or any professional cleaning services to help you get rid of the mess after the police and the emergency take the body.

Prevention and Control

Suicide is something that we can prevent. There are many measures that can be taken population and individual levels for suicide prevention including:

  • School-based interventions
  • Reducing access to the means (pesticide, rope, medications, etc.) that can be used for suicide
  • Reporting in a responsible way
  • Training of non-specialized health workers for suicide behaviors
  • A follow-up care system of people who attempted suicide
  • Early identification and treatment of people who show signs of depression, anxiety, and suicide.
  • Alcohol policies

Suicide is a very serious topic and at the same time a very complex issue to discuss and prevent, as there are different factors that affect and provoke suicidal thoughts – personal, familial, and communal. This is why it is important that prevention efforts are taken into consideration by the different sectors in the society such as labor, education, law, justice, politics, business, and media.

The Challenges of Suicide

One of the challenges that individuals who are experiencing signs of suicidal thoughts are stigma and taboo in the community or society they belong to. This means that many people who experience distress and emotional instability and who think of taking their lives do not ask for help from friends, family, and professionals because of the fear induced by the social stigma and taboo. Suicidal prevention systems and programs become futile when the individual themselves are not seeking help because of these challenges.

What is the global response?

IN the year 2014, the WHO recognizes suicide as a public health priority and aims to increase the awareness of public health and mental health to make suicide and mental health as a priority in the global health agenda after realizing the World Suicide Report “Preventing suicide: a global imperative.” This paves the way for every country to recognize the importance of awareness towards mental health and suicide issues and incidents.

If you are experiencing suicidal thoughts, or you know someone who has some suicidal symptoms, contact an emergency as soon as possible and be present for the person.

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